Dating in the bible
This would mean that one or two of the Gospels could have been written as early as seven years after the crucifixion. The earliest undisputed manuscript of a New Testament book is the John Rylands papyri (p52), dated from 117 to 138.At the latest they were all composed within the lifetimes of eyewitnesses and contemporaries of the events. This fragment of John's gospel survives from within a generation of composition.This includes 268 by Justin Martyr (100-165), 1038 by Irenaeus (active in the late second century), 1017 by Clement of Alexandria (ca. Most of the New Testament, including all the gospels, is available in the Chester Beatty Papyri manuscript from 150 yeas after the New Testament was finished (ca. No other book from the ancient world has as small a time gap between composition and earliest manuscript copies as the New Testament.Jose O'Callahan, a Spanish Jesuit paleographer, made headlines around the world on March 18, 1972, when he identified a manuscript fragment from Qumran (Dead Sea Scrolls) as a piece from the gospel of Mark. Fragments from this cave had previously been dated between 50 BC and AD 50, hardly within the time frame established for New Testament writings.Assuming the basic integrity and reasonable accuracy of the writers, this would place the reliability of the New Testaments beyond reasonable doubt. Since the book was composed in Asia Minor and this fragment was found in Egypt, some circulation time is demanded, surely placing composition of John within the first century.Of the four Gospels alone there are 19,368 citations by the church fathers from the late first century on. Whole books (Bodmer Papyri) are available from 200.He mentions the hundreds of eyewitnesses who could verify the resurrection (1 Corinthians 15:6).Paul rests the truth of Christianity on the historicity of the resurrection (1 Corinthians -19).
The book repeatedly claims to be written by Paul (1:1, 12-17; 3:4, 6, 22; ). Paul speaks of Jesus' virgin birth (Galatians 4:4), sinless life (2 Corinthians ), death on the cross (1 Corinthians 15:3; Galatians ); resurrection on the third day (1 Corinthians 15:4), and post-resurrection appearances (1 Corinthians 15:5-8).Therefore, since I myself have carefully investigated everything from the beginning, it seemed good also to me to write an orderly account for you, most excellent Theophilus, so that you may know the certainty of the things you have been taught Luke presents the same information about who Jesus is, what he taught, and his death and resurrection as do the other Gospels.Thus, there is not a reason to reject their historical accuracy either.It is also an odd place to end the book if years have passed since the pre-62 events transpired.If Acts was written in 62 or before, and Luke was written before Acts (say 60), then Luke was written less than thirty years of the death of Jesus.