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The Royal Mint - located here from 1279 to 1812 - is the focus of the excellent Coins and Kings exhibit.
Portraying the lives of the workers and the stories behind the coins they minted, the exhibit is on the site of the original mint and includes interactive displays and rare objects from the Royal Mint Museum.
In the center of the Inner Ward, the White Tower - named for the white stone it was built from - was begun in 1078 and completed about 1100.
Four stories tall, with walls up to 15 feet thick, the structure has small cupolas on the corner turrets.
It was also where the trial of Guy Fawkes took place.
With the full title of The Yeomen Warders of Her Majesty's Royal Palace and Fortress the Tower of London, and Members of the Sovereign's Body Guard of the Yeoman Guard Extraordinary, it's no wonder they are best known by their nickname, Beefeaters.
Made for the coronation of Queen Victoria in 1837, it's worn at the state opening of parliament and on other special occasions.
The best-known of those executed on or near the site are the three Queens of England: Anne Boleyn, second wife of Henry VIII; Catherine Howard, Henry's fifth wife; and Lady Jane Grey who was just 16.
Among their duties is the ceremonial closing of the gates each evening.
Known as the Ceremony of the Keys, this 700-year-old tradition sees the Chief Warder present the keys of the tower to the Resident Governor.
In the Bell Tower, built by Richard I in 1190, you'll find Princess Elizabeth's Walk, the rampart leading to Beauchamp Tower on which the future Queen Elizabeth I strolled during her imprisonment here.
The massive Wakefield Tower is where the famous ravens are kept.
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The Tower of London was also once famous for its Royal Menagerie, and a fascinating exhibition about these royal beasts is in the Brick Tower. Peter ad Vincula takes its name from the day it was consecrated, the festival of St. Built around 1100, it was altered in the 13th century, rebuilt after a fire in 1512, and renovated and restored several times since.